• Cross-Cutting Issue: Media Violence

    Educational Tools/Resources


    • AAP's Policy Statement: Media Education (1999)
      The American Academy of Pediatrics recommendation for pediatricians regarding counseling parents and employing other strategies to mitigate the harmful effects of children's exposure to media.


    Federal Trade Commission Consumer Response Center:

    The FTC accepts consumer complaints about media violence, including complaints about the advertising, marketing, and sale of violent movies, electronic/video games, and music. Use the FTC complaint form, available at:

    http://www.ftc.gov, or call 1-877-FTC-HELP (1-877-382-4357) M-F 9am-9pm ET.

    Note: Complaints regarding the content of television programming should be directed to the Federal Communications Commission at :



    TV Parental Guidelines Monitoring Board:

    (The Board is responsible for ensuring that the ratings are applied with accuracy and consistency to television programming.) Complaints about a television show's program rating may be made to the board via mail, phone, or e-mail:

    TV Parental Guidelines
    Post Office Box 14097
    Washington, DC 20004
    Phone: 202-879-9364
    Email: tvomb.usa.net



    • Counseling Patients on Mass Media and Health (2004)
      This article in the June 1, 2004 issue of the journal American Family Physician reviews the health risks associated with media exposure and describes the physician's role in screening patients with a "media history" and providing preventive counseling.
    • Marketing Violent Entertainment to Children: A Fourth Follow-Up Review of Industry Practices in the Motion Picture, Music Recording & Electronic Game Industries. A Report to Congress (2004)
      This Federal Trade Commission report reviews current marketing practices of the entertainment media industries to find that while they have improved in some areas, they continue to advertise violent and explicit-content products in media with large teen audiences.
    • The Influence of Media Violence on Youth (2003)
      This article in the December 2003 issue of the journal Psychological Science in the Public Interest reviews the empirical research on how media violence affects youth and interventions to mitigate the effects.
    • The Damaging Effect of Media Violence on Young Children (2000)
      Session at Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting to focus on reducing aggression and violence in video games and media
    • Television and Growing Up: The Impact of Televised Violence (1972)
      This early report from the Surgeon General's Scientific Advisory Committee on Television and Social Behavior concludes that viewing violence on television does affect some children, causing them to be more aggressive.


    Links to Other Resources


    • Center for Media and Public Affairs (CMPA)
      conducts studies of news and entertainment media, including studies on violence in popular culture
    • Center for Media Literacy (CML)
      provides educational resources on a variety of media topics; offers articles, teaching ideas, recommended teaching resources and links to relevant sites
    • Center for Public Integrity
      offers Media Tracker, a searchable database containing ownership information on American media companies, investigative reports, and other resources
    • Common Sense Media
      offers information for parents to make informed media decisions, reviews of children's movies and other media, research reviews, and links to helpful organizations
    • Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB)
      provides a rating system that helps consumers choose the games that are right for their families, and a search page to look up any video game and view its rating
    • Federal Communications Commission (FCC) : Parents' Place
      offers information for parents about the communications their children can access, including children's TV laws, programming, channel blocking and other information
    • Kaiser Family Foundation
      provides fact sheets on topics related to children and the media, such as TV violence, ratings and video games
    • KIDS FIRST!® Coalition for Quality Children's Media
      offers resources to aid parents in choosing children's media, reviews of children's videos and other media, articles by media specialists, and a discussion forum
    • TV Parental Guidelines Monitoring Board
      provides information for parents about the TV ratings and the V-Chip, and Board contact information