The primary objective of this review was to determine whether trauma patients with a psychiatric disorder or after attempting suicide are at higher risk of complications than patients without a psychiatric disorder or accidental cause.
The secondary objective was to provide an overview of the current literature on the same group of trauma patients with psychiatric comorbidity in regard to mortality rate, length of stay, hospital costs, and quality of life. Our primary outcome measure, complicated course, was found to be most clinically relevant.
Suicide is currently a topic of high priority for policy makers, researchers, and clinicians. The World Health Organization estimated 804,000 suicide deaths worldwide in 2012. They adopted the first-ever Mental Health Action Plan with the aim of reducing suicide rates in countries by 10%. To our knowledge, neither psychiatric disorders nor suicidal attempt in trauma patients has been systematically reviewed before.
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