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  • Cross-Cutting Issue: Substance Abuse

    Educational Tools/Resources

    • National Center for Drug Abuse Statistics: Information and statistics of drug abuse, overdose deaths, and the cost of the War on Drugs: Further information on trends and statistics of drug use in the United States:
    • Resources for patients and professionals to better understand traumatic brain injury in the setting of substance use disorders including screening tools, educational materials, and suggestions for accommodations:
    • A variety of screening and assessment tools for evidence-based materials: Screening and assessment tools for health professionals. including some of the following:
      • Screening to Brief Intervention
      • Brief Screener for Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs (BSTAD)
      • Tobacco, Alcohol, prescription medication, and other substance use
      • Opioid Risk Tool
      • Helping patients who drink too much
      • CRAFFT 


    • Substance use among college students: Welsh JW, Shentu Y, Sarvey DB. Substance Use Among College Students. Focus (Am Psychiatr Publ). 2019;17(2):117-127. doi:10.1176/appi.focus.20180037
    • Robinson T, Tarzi C, Zhou XG, Bailey K. Screening for alcohol and substance use in pediatric trauma patients: A retrospective review. J Pediatr Surg. 2020 May;55(5):921-925. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2020.01.042. Epub 2020 Jan 31. PMID: 32061364.
    • Cabanis M, Outadi A, Choi F. Early childhood trauma, substance use, and complex concurrent disorders among adolescents. Curr Opin Psychiatry. 2021 Jul 1;34(4):393-399. DOI: 10.1097/YCO.0000000000000718. PMID: 33993169.
    • Gameon JA, Skewes MC. Historical trauma and substance use among American Indian people with current substance use problems. Psychol Addict Behav. 2021 May;35(3):295-309. DOI: 10.1037/adb0000729. Epub 2021 Apr 8. PMID: 33829816; PMCID: PMC8084991.
    • VanderVeen JD. TBI as a Risk Factor for Substance Use Behaviors: A Meta-analysis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2021 Jun;102(6):1198-1209. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2020.10.112. Epub 2020 Nov 2. PMID: 33152264.
    • Williams FN, Chrisco L, Strassle PD, Navajas E, Laughon SL, Sljivic S, Nizamani R, Charles A, King B. Association Between Alcohol, Substance Use, and Inpatient Burn Outcomes. J Burn Care Res. 2021 Aug 4;42(4):595-599. DOI: 10.1093/jbcr/irab069. PMID: 33886958.
    • Fitzpatrick S, Saraiya T, Lopez-Castro T, Ruglass LM, Hien D. The impact of trauma characteristics on post-traumatic stress disorder and substance use disorder outcomes across integrated and substance use treatments. J Subst Abuse Treat. 2020 Jun;113:107976. DOI: 10.1016/j.jsat.2020.01.012. Epub 2020 Jan 22. PMID: 32059924; PMCID: PMC7198321.
    • Young LB, Timko C, Tyler KA, Grant KM. Trauma in Veterans With Substance Use Disorder: Similar Treatment Need Among Urban and Rural Residents. J Rural Health. 2017 Jun;33(3):314-322. DOI: 10.1111/jrh.12199. Epub 2016 Aug 9. PMID: 27504603.
    • Santa Maria DM, Narendorf SC, Cross MB. Prevalence and Correlates of Substance Use in Homeless Youth and Young Adults. J Addict Nurs. 2018 Jan/Mar;29(1):23-31. DOI: 10.1097/JAN.0000000000000206. PMID: 29505458.
    • Ng C, Fleury M, Hakmi H, Bronson B, Vosswinkel JA, Huang EC, Shapiro M, Jawa RS. The impact of alcohol use and withdrawal on trauma outcomes: A case-control study. Am J Surg. 2021 Aug;222(2):438-445. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2020.12.026. Epub 2020 Dec 23. PMID: 33454025.
    • Mills BM, Nurius PS, Matsueda RL, Rivara FP, Rowhani-Rahbar A. Prior Arrest, Substance Use, Mental Disorder, and Intent-Specific Firearm Injury. Am J Prev Med. 2018 Sep;55(3):298-307. DOI: 10.1016/j.amepre.2018.04.041. PMID: 30122213.
    • Benham DA, Rooney AS, Calvo RY, Carr MJ, Diaz JA, Sise CB, Bansal V, Sise MJ, Martin MJ. The rising tide of methamphetamine use in elderly trauma patients. Am J Surg. 2021 Jun;221(6):1246-1251. DOI: 10.1016/j.amjsurg.2021.02.030. Epub 2021 Mar 6. PMID: 33707080.
    • Hoonpongsimanont W, Ghanem G, Chen Y, Sahota PK, Carroll C, Barrios C, Lotfipour S. Underreporting of alcohol use in trauma patients: A retrospective analysis. Subst Abus. 2021;42(2):192-196. DOI: 10.1080/08897077.2019.1671936. Epub 2019 Oct 22. PMID: 31638887; PMCID: PMC7174101.


    Links to Other Resources

    • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), U.S. Dept. HHS: Provides resources on alcohol-related topics, including public brochures, treatment/prevention training materials for professionals, and resources on alcohol research.
    • National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), S. Dept. HHS: Provides information on drugs of abuse, resources for researchers and health professionals, parents, teachers and students; offers companion websites such as for teens on the science behind drug abuse. 
    • Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP), Executive Office of the President Provides information on the National Drug Control Strategy, drug-related statistics, economic costs of drug abuse, helpful links, publications, prevention programs, and treatment strategies, state/local profiles and contacts.
    • Partnership for a Drug-Free America® Offers information to help youth reject substance abuse, including tips for teens and parents, and a drug resource.
    • Project Cork: Offers information on substance abuse for health care providers and others, including PowerPoint presentations, a professional literature database, and clinical tools.
    • National Clearinghouse for Alcohol & Drug Information: 1-800-662-HELP (4357) or 1-844-955-0207. A 24-hour resource offering referrals and resource materials about substance abuse and treatment.) For an online directory of alcohol and drug abuse programs located around the country, access the Substance Abuse Treatment Facility Locator at:

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